Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Upper Cambrian trilobite ichnocoenosis from Wielka Wisniowka (Holy Cross Mountains, Poland)

Andrzej Radwański and Piotr Roniewicz

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 08 (2), 1963: 259-280

Description is given of the Upper Cambrian trilobite ichnocoenosis, i.e. a trace assemblage of the various life activities Świętokrzyskie). These traces occur either on the upper sides of layers (true traces) or on the lower sides of layers covering grooves made by trilobites on the sea bottom (sole markings = hieroglyphs). Hieroglyphs are the more common forms. Out of them, Rusophycus sp., Cruziana sp., Diplichnites sp. and Dimorphichnus sp. have been described in greater detail. Bergaueria perata Prantl and Diplocraterion sp. hieroglyphs are also encountered in the trilobite ichnocoenosis here reported.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (for details please see, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.